10 Key Points of TaeKwonDo Training
The utmost purpose of TaeKwonDo is to eliminate fighting by discouraging the stronger's oppression of the weaker with a power that must be based upon humanity, justice, morality, wisdon and faith, thus helping to build a better and more peaceful world.
We focus on ten key points of TaeKwonDo training and they are:
Consolidation of power
Muscle movement in correct sequence
Quick movementswhen changing positions
Correctness of detail
Maintaining eye contact
Systematic hardening of the striking surfaces of the body
Making each move effective
Coinsiding your movements for the maximum effectiveness against your opponent
1) Consolidation of Power
Any body movement depends on muscular expansion and contraction. The force exerted by a person is in direct proportion to this degree of muscular expansion and contracion. Consolidation of power is the cornerstone of TKD in that TKD is a system where a person is attempting to concentrate all of the body's power in an instant or time on a specific object. The greater the number of muscles brought into play in performing a given movement, the greater the concentration of power will be. The forece which can be exerted by the hands or feet is relatively small, therefore, the muscular power of the whole body should be used in such a way that its strength is concentrated at the point of impact. When the muscles are properly coordinated, the resultant force is greater; when the muscles act in a uncoordinated fashion, the resultant is lessened.
2) Moving the Muscles in Correct Sequence
A concentration of strength depends not on the simultaneous exertion of all the body muscles, but the exertion in proper order. The muscles of the abdominal and pelvic regions are powerful but slow, whereas, those of the extremities are fast but weak. In order to concentrate the force of both sets of muscles, those of the abdomen and hips must be brought into play first and this force is transferred to the point of impact, either the hands or feet. If the muscles are not moved in correct sequence, a proper focus or power will be unobtainable. In addition, in TKD forms where one technique is followed immediately by another, the absence of correct muscular sequence will prevent a smooth transition from one technique to another, which will greatly cut down the effectiveness of such forms.
3) Moving Quickly When Changing Positions
A great deal of the striking power in TKD is acheived by the speed of muscular contraction and expansion and not by brute strength. TKD does not depend on the type of stregnth necessary to lift a heavy object, but the striking power is achieved by an accumulation of speed, which at the end of a particular movement, is converted into striking force. The elements of speed in changing positions is important in that the shorter the time required to apply the necessary force, the more effective it will be. It should always be borne in mind that to properly accomplish a TKD form it is necessary to move quickly and smoothly with a minimum of unnecessary motion, so that the strength will be properly focused at the proper tine and place.
4) Correctness of Detail
If the details are correctly executed, the martial artist's balance will be maintained. Good balance is required when moving from one technique to the next. If the martial artist's correctness of detail is off so that he is not in balance, he will not be able to consolidate his power so as to ensure that the striking force will be at the proper place at the proper time.
5) Breath Control
Exhaling aids in contracting the muscles of the abdominal and pelvic region, while inhaling tends to relax them. Since abdominal and pelvic muscles are the more powerful ones in the body, it is necessary to concentrate their power by contraction during the execution oftechniques. Exhalation should be followed immediately by inhalation, so as to relax the muscles in preparation for the next techniques, as it is important to withdraw the strength from any technique immediately after it has been focused in preparation for the next technique.
6) Vocal Harassment
Vocal harassment has two chief effects: one physical and one psychological. The physical application of vocal harassment to TKD is based on the theory that during a technique one should exhale, thus tightening the abdominal and pelvic muscles for the concentration of the power therein. The pyschological reason for vocal harassment can be best explained by stating that TKD involves direct contact between two or more person, therefore, psychological as well as physical factors play an important role. In many cases a psychologically stronger party wins even though he/she is outmatched physically. By the proper use of vocal harassment an opponent's concentration, calmness and powers of observation may be impaired, thus allowing a harasserto gain the upper psychological hand.
7) Maintain Eye Contact
It is absolutely necessary that a martial artist be able to correctly anticipate an opponent's movements and adapt proper techniques to either defend, counter attack or both. To accomplish this it is necessary to look directly into your opponent's eyes at all time. By doing so you have an overall picture of body movements and are alert to even the slightest movement. There is also some reason to believe that the eye, being the window of the brain, will telegraph a movement of an opponent. The sooner the martial artist learns this and continual eye contact becomes automatic, the less danger there is that he/she will be caught by an unexpected technique due to his own carelessness.
8) Systematically Hardening the Striking Surfaces of the Body
In TKD, we are attempting to concentrate the strength of the entire body on a particular body surface. This surface is the point where the body comes in contact with the opponents body. These striking surfaces cannot be purchased ready to use, but must be conditioned by systematic hardening so that when placed in use they will be able to withstand the force exerted upon them when they come in contact with an opponent's body.
9) Making Each Movement Effective
Each karate move should be as effective as possible for two basic reasons, which are:
a. Every move done for the purpose of defense, which, if not effective will allow your opponent to make an effective attack upon you and may open up further areas of the body to attack
b. Every move done for the purpose of attack that is not effective is wasted motion, which is not harmful to your opponent and again may open you up to areas of attack.
10) Coinciding Your Movements for Maximum Effectiveness Against Your Opponent
When an opponent is on his guard, it is difficult to get in a focused attack. To get in such and attack, it is necessary that there be an opening in his defenses. One coincides his movements best by either attacking when you can detect an opening in your opponent's defense or by first creating an opening for the purpose of attacking and then attacking.